An Approach to Improve the Water Quality on Industrial Effluent by Phytoremediation with Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia Crassipes)
Keywords:Water hyacinth, Industrial effluent, Decontamination, Turbidity, Impurity
INTRODUCTION: Industries and factories are the backbone of any nation to increase the economy through its productivity and develop the county globally. But the wastages and sewages produced by each industry are creating pollution and make cleanliness environment on the society.
OBJECTIVES: The recycling process and decontamination process of that industrial effluent is a challenging task for all the industries in and around the world. Ancient techniques are followed in industrial effluent cleaning processes but the output of those is not sufficient in terms of recycling.
METHODS: Phytoremediation is the new technique used to control industrial effluent with the help of water hyacinth available in the water places. This paper discussed all possible solutions of industrial effluent removal along with water quality improvement techniques. Decontamination of the industrial effluent using water hyacinth is mainly dealt in leaves, stems, and root parts. There are only water hyacinth is used to remove industrial effluent, no other products like powder, liquid plants, and other chemicals are used.
RESULTS: Total duration of 21 days has to be considered for the growth of water hyacinth used in water places to monitor the recycling of industrial effluent at different parts. A water quality test has been conducted to identify the level of contaminants in the Industrial effluent. Furthermore, BOD (Biological oxygen demand), COD (Chemical oxygen demand), TDS (Total dissolved solids), TSS (Total suspended solids), Turbidity, and chloride levels are taken as a parameter from the industrial effluents.
CONCLUSION: Every 24hours, for continuous 3-5days the color of effluent has been notified to predict the changes. Turbidity and other impurities are noted by the effects of the water hyacinth used as results.
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