Liver tumor segmentation method based on U-Net architecture: a review




CT scans, Liver tumor segmentation, Deep learning, U-Net, 2D, 3D, 2.5D


Liver cancer is a disease with a high incidence and high probability of deterioration, and for the rapid diagnosis of liver disease, CT scans must be used to segment the liver tumors. For the past few years, with the rapid development of deep learning, many deep learning methods for liver tumor segmentation using abdominal computed tomography (CT) images have appeared, and the clinical application of these methods is of important significance for computer-aided diagnosis of liver tumors. The U-Net, with its unique U-shape network structure, exhibits excellent performance in medical image segmentation field and has been extensively utilized in various medical image segmentation applications. In this paper, we summarize the researches of U-Net and its improved networks in CT image segmentation of liver tumors by deep learning methods and classify various U-Net-based convolutional neural networks (CNNs) into 2D (two-dimensional), 3D (three-dimensional), and 2.5D (2.5-dimensional). In this paper, 2D, 3D, and 2.5D convolutional neural networks are summarized. In addition, this paper summarizes the advantages and disadvantages as well as the improvement methods of each type of network, which provides a useful reference for the studies of deep learning based on liver tumor segmentation field. Finally, this paper envisions future research trends for deep learning segmentation methods in the context of liver tumors.


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How to Cite

B. Wang and C. Yang, “Liver tumor segmentation method based on U-Net architecture: a review”, EAI Endorsed Trans e-Learn, vol. 10, Mar. 2024.