EAI Endorsed Transactions on Mobile Communications and Applications https://publications.eai.eu/index.php/mca <section class="meta-tabs"> <div class="content"> <div style="display: block;"> <div class="abstract"> <p class="blurb">EAI Endorsed Transactions on Mobile Communications and Applications is an open-access, a peer-reviewed scholarly journal focused on all aspects of mobile communications theories, technologies, systems, and applications. The journal publishes research articles, review articles, commentaries, editorials, technical articles, and short communications with a triannual frequency. Authors are not charged for article submission and processing.</p> <p class="blurb"><strong>INDEXING</strong>: CrossRef, Google Scholar, ProQuest, EBSCO, CNKI, Dimensions</p> </div> </div> </div> </section> European Alliance for Innovation (EAI) en-US EAI Endorsed Transactions on Mobile Communications and Applications 2032-9504 <p>This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CC BY 3.0</a> license, which permits unlimited use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium so long as the original work is properly cited.</p> Improving 6G Network Spectrum Efficiency with Non-Cooperative and Cooperative Spectrum Sharing Using NOMA and Massive-MIMO https://publications.eai.eu/index.php/mca/article/view/3755 <p class="ICST-abstracttext"><span lang="EN-GB">There is an expectation that standards for sixth-generation (6G) wireless communication networks in the future would give previously unheard-of speeds for the flow of information as well as spectrum optimization. This will present new issues for 6G networks. Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) is one of the most efficient ways to boost the spectrum efficiency (SE) of a 6G network. The most promising contemporary technologies, such as cognitive radio (CR) and multiple access, can be used to improve SE. When NOMA's network-oriented multi-access capabilities are combined with those of the Cognitive Radio Network (CRN), a new era of efficient communication is expected to dawn. To improve the spectral efficiency (SE) of the NOMA DL power domain (PD), this work presents two distinctive strategies that are used in conjunction with un-cooperative and cooperative CRN (Un-CCRN and CCRN) in the event that one primary user (PU) is unable to receive through the dedicated channel due to interference or noise. Users' distances, power placement coefficients, and transmit powers (TPs) vary across the proposed three network topologies, and over the proposed three network sizes of 128x128, 256x256, and 512x512 Massive Multiple Input Multiple Output (M-MIMO). Performance is analyzed while simultaneously considering channel instability and successive interference cancellation (SIC). The channels of fading are modelled after frequency-dependent Rayleigh fading. MATLAB is used to determine the proposed model's SE. With 128x128, 256x256, and 512x512 M-MIMO integrated into the DL NOMA system, the system's SE performance is improved by 73%, 82%, and 87%, respectively; with the Un-CCRN NOMA model, the improvement is 75%, 83%, and 88%; and with the CCRN-NOMA model, the improvement is 75.8%, 84%, and 88.3%. The SE is significantly improved by employing M-MIMO technology. The acquired expressions agree with the outcomes of the provided Monte Carlo simulations, providing further evidence for the validity of our investigation.</span></p> Mohamed Hassan Manwinder Singh Khalid Bilal Imadeldin Elsayed Copyright (c) 2023 EAI Endorsed Transactions on Mobile Communications and Applications https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ 2023-10-23 2023-10-23 8 10.4108/eetmca.3755 Centralized multicasting AODV routing protocol optimized for intermittent cognitive radio ad hoc networks https://publications.eai.eu/index.php/mca/article/view/3888 <p class="ICST-abstracttext"><span lang="EN-GB">The advancement of wireless technology is affected by Spectrum scarcity and the overcrowding of free spectrum. <a name="_Hlk21069067"></a>Cognitive Radio Ad Hoc Networks (<a name="_Hlk12627331"></a>CRAHNs) have emerged as a possible solution to both the scarcity and overcrowding challenges of the spectrum. The CRAHNs ensure that the Secondary Users (SUs) do co-exist with Primary Users (PUs) in a non-interfering manner. The SUs access the licensed spectrum opportunistically when they are idle. CRAHNs have many use cases which include intermittent networks here referred to as intermittent CRAHNs (ICRAHNs). For example, the Military (MCRAHNs). MCRAHN is complex and characterized by a dynamic topology which is subject to frequent partitioning and route breakages due to attacks and destruction in combat. This study optimizes the routing protocols for intermittent networks such as the MCRAHNs. ICRAHN routing is a challenge due to the network’s intermittent attribute, which is subject to destruction in the case of MCRAHN which is characterized by frequent link breakages. To better understand the routing in this network scenario, this paper presents two analytic models for the AODV and MAODV protocols based on queuing theory. The analytic models simulate unicast and multicast AODV in terms of factors such as queuing delay, throughput, and network scalability. Numerical analysis shows that MAODV</span> <span lang="EN-GB">outperforms AODV. Furthermore, the suggested routing protocols' performance was tested using network simulations utilizing the following metrics: throughput, Routing Path delay, Node Relay delay, and Spectrum Mobility delay. The simulation findings suggest that the MAODV protocol outperforms the AODV protocol.</span></p> Phetho Phaswana Sindiso M Nleya Mthulisi Velempini Copyright (c) 2023 EAI Endorsed Transactions on Mobile Communications and Applications https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ 2024-02-19 2024-02-19 8 10.4108/eetmca.3888