Performance Optimization of Solar PV System Utilized for Cooling System

Authors

  • Omar Hazem Mohammed Technical Power Department, Technical Engineering College-Mosul, Northern Technical University, Mosul, Iraq
  • Ziyad Tariq Al-Salmany Technical Power Department, Technical Engineering College-Mosul, Northern Technical University, Mosul, Iraq

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4108/ew.v9i39.1378

Keywords:

Solar PV system, cooling, Samawah, economic feasibility, GHG emissions

Abstract

This work investigates the performance and energy effectiveness of a solar photovoltaic (PV) system used to provide a cooling system for a building in Iraq. To achieve the goal, simulations and optimization are utilized to find the economic feasibility of the building in Iraq. In addition, a comparative study is conducted to compare the economic feasibility of PV cooling based on two options. The first option depends on the conventional electrical grid to offer cooling for the Iraqi building. The second option relies on a solar PV system to provide the electrical power for cooling the same building. The major numerical analysis results revealed that using a PV system can save roughly 45% electrical power compared to the option when the electrical power is drawn from the conventional grid. For this reason, it is predicted that the PV system can save a higher level of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions compared to the first option. The results of this research revealed that the cooling load of the building in Samawah, Iraq equalled 600 kW. The PV system required to operate the cooling of the Samawah building during summer equals 18 kW peak. Using a solar PV system would be more economically feasible than the electrical power drawn from the electrical grid. Utilizing PV cooling is considered beneficial for the environment
as it can save GHG emissions that cause significant air quality problems and global warming.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

J. Kotcher, E. Maibach, and W.-T. Choi, “Fossil fuels are harming our brains: identifying key messages about the health effects of air pollution from fossil fuels,” BMC Public Health, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 1–12, 2019.

D. Helm, “The future of fossil fuels—is it the end?,” Oxf. Rev. Econ. Policy, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 191–205, 2016.

N. Abas, A. Kalair, and N. Khan, “Review of fossil fuels and future energy technologies,” Futures, vol. 69, pp. 31–49, 2015.

Kharrich M., Mohammed O.H., Akherraz M. "Assessment of renewable energy sources in Morocco using economical feasibility technique", International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, Vol. 9 (4), pp. 1856 - 1864, 2019.

N. A. Utama, A. M. Fathoni, M. A. Kristianto, and B. C. McLellan, “The end of fossil fuel era: Supply-demand measures through energy efficiency,” Procedia Environ. Sci., vol. 20, pp. 40–45, 2014.

Kharrich, M., Mohammed, O. H., Mohammed, Y. S., & Akherraz, M. “A review on recent sizing methodologies for hybrid microgrid systems.” International Journal on Energy Conversion, vol. 7 (6), pp. 230 - 240, 2019.

Hattu, Edwin PD. "Colling System Application In PV Module Toward Output Voltage And Current PV Module." ICESC 2019: Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Engineering, Science, and Commerce, ICESC 2019, 18-19 October 2019, Labuan Bajo, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Indonesia. Vol. 46. European Alliance for Innovation, 2019.‏

Suherman, S., et al. "Water and heat-sink cooling system for increasing the solar cell performances." EAI Endorsed Transactions on Energy Web Vol.7, No.27, 2019.‏

A. Albatayneh, M. Jaradat, M. Al-Omary, and M. Zaquot, “Evaluation of Coupling PV and Air Conditioning vs. Solar Cooling Systems—Case Study from Jordan,” Appl. Sci., vol. 11, no. 2, p. 511, 2021.

R. Romano, P. Siano, M. Acone, and V. Loia, “Combined Operation of Electrical Loads, Air Conditioning and Photovoltaic-Battery Systems in Smart Houses,” Appl. Sci., vol. 7, no. 5, p. 525, 2017.

M. Kharrich, O. H. Mohammed, and M. Akherraz, “Design of hybrid microgrid PV/Wind/Diesel/Battery system: case study for rabat and baghdad,” EAI Endorsed Trans. Energy Web, vol. 7, no. 27, 2020.

Velmurugan et al., “A Review of Heat Batteries Based PV Module Cooling—Case Studies on Performance Enhancement of Large-Scale Solar PV System,” Sustainability, vol. 14, no. 4, p. 1963, Feb. 2022.

C. Manideep and M. V. Priya, "Improvement of Performance In Grid Connected Solar Photovoltaic For Water Pumping System Using Induction Motor," 2022 International Conference on Business Analytics for Technology and Security (ICBATS), pp. 1-5, 2022.

ZHAO, Yulong, et al. Performance analysis of a solar photovoltaic power generation system with spray cooling. Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, vol. 29, 2022.‏

N. M. Aljamali, L. H. Khadum, and A. A. Jabbar, “Applications of Cooling Systems via Using Solar Thermal-Photovoltaic Panels: Literature Review”.

S. M. Farajat and M. Abu-Zaid, “Design a solar power air conditioning system for the engineering building at Mutah University,” Glob. J. Eng. Technol. Adv., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 008–017, 2020.

M. Goyal and M. Pandey, “Extreme Gradient Boosting Algorithm for Energy Optimization in buildings pertaining to HVAC plants,” EAI Endorsed Transactions on Energy Web, p. 164562, 2020.

O. Hazem Mohammed, Y. Amirat, and M. Benbouzid, “Economical evaluation and optimal energy management of a stand-alone hybrid energy system handling in genetic algorithm strategies,” Electronics, vol. 7, no. 10, p. 233, 2018.

O. H. Mohammed, “Optimal Hybridisation of a Renewable System to Fulfill Residential Electrical Load: In Mosul, Iraq,” in 2018 Third Scientific Conference of Electrical Engineering (SCEE), 2018, pp. 209–213.

M. Kharrich et al., “Development and implementation of a novel optimization algorithm for reliable and economic grid-independent hybrid power system,” Appl. Sci., vol. 10, no. 18, p. 6604, 2020.

O. H. Mohammed, Y. Amirat, M. Benbouzid, S. Haddad, and G. Feld, “Optimal sizing and energy management of hybrid wind/tidal/PV power generation system for remote areas: Application to the Ouessant French Island,” in IECON 2016-42nd Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, 2016, pp. 4205–4210.

O. H. Mohammed, Y. Amirat, and M. Benbouzid, “Particle swarm optimization of a hybrid wind/tidal/PV/battery energy system. Application to a remote area in Bretagne, France,” Energy Procedia, vol. 162, pp. 87–96, 2019.

D. Q. H. Abd and A. K. Abdulkareem, “Study the Daily Behavior of Rainfall over Iraq,” in Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2020, vol. 1660, no. 1, p. 012068.

“Samawah Climate Weather Averages,” WorldWeatherOnline.com. https://www.worldweatheronline.com/samawah-weather/al-muthanna/iq.aspx (accessed Feb. 13, 2022).

R. A. Mejeed, S. S. Oudah, and R. Y. Abed, “Design of solar photovoltaic pressurized drip irrigation pumping system at Al-salman District in Samawa Governorate,” Int. J. Power Electron. Drive Syst., vol. 10, no. 3, p. 1628, 2019.

S. Jogunuri, R. Kumar, and D. Kumar, “Sizing an off-grid photovoltaic system (A case study),” in 2017 International Conference on Energy, Communication, Data Analytics and Soft Computing (ICECDS), 2017, pp. 2618–2622.

H. M. Hashim, E. Sokolova, O. Derevianko, and D. B. Solovev, “Cooling Load Calculations,” IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 463, p. 032030, Dec. 2018.

J. Kotcher, E. Maibach, and W.-T. Choi, “Fossil fuels are harming our brains: identifying key messages about the health effects of air pollution from fossil fuels,” BMC Public Health, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 1–12, 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-7373-1

D. Helm, “The future of fossil fuels—is it the end?,” Oxf. Rev. Econ. Policy, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 191–205, 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/oxrep/grw015

N. Abas, A. Kalair, and N. Khan, “Review of fossil fuels and future energy technologies,” Futures, vol. 69, pp. 31–49, 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.futures.2015.03.003

Kharrich M., Mohammed O.H., Akherraz M. "Assessment of renewable energy sources in Morocco using economical feasibility technique", International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, Vol. 9 (4), pp. 1856 - 1864, 2019.

N. A. Utama, A. M. Fathoni, M. A. Kristianto, and B. C. McLellan, “The end of fossil fuel era: Supply-demand measures through energy efficiency,” Procedia Environ. Sci., vol. 20, pp. 40–45, 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2014.03.007

Kharrich, M., Mohammed, O. H., Mohammed, Y. S., & Akherraz, M. “A review on recent sizing methodologies for hybrid microgrid systems.” International Journal on Energy Conversion, vol. 7 (6), pp. 230 - 240, 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15866/irecon.v7i6.17813

Hattu, Edwin PD. "Colling System Application In PV Module Toward Output Voltage And Current PV Module." ICESC 2019: Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Engineering, Science, and Commerce, ICESC 2019, 18-19 October 2019, Labuan Bajo, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Indonesia. Vol. 46. European Alliance for Innovation, 2019.‏ DOI: https://doi.org/10.4108/eai.18-10-2019.2289921

Suherman, S., et al. "Water and heat-sink cooling system for increasing the solar cell performances." EAI Endorsed Transactions on Energy Web Vol.7, No.27, 2019.‏ DOI: https://doi.org/10.4108/eai.13-7-2018.161050

A. Albatayneh, M. Jaradat, M. Al-Omary, and M. Zaquot, “Evaluation of Coupling PV and Air Conditioning vs. Solar Cooling Systems—Case Study from Jordan,” Appl. Sci., vol. 11, no. 2, p. 511, 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/app11020511

R. Romano, P. Siano, M. Acone, and V. Loia, “Combined Operation of Electrical Loads, Air Conditioning and Photovoltaic-Battery Systems in Smart Houses,” Appl. Sci., vol. 7, no. 5, p. 525, 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/app7050525

M. Kharrich, O. H. Mohammed, and M. Akherraz, “Design of hybrid microgrid PV/Wind/Diesel/Battery system: case study for rabat and baghdad,” EAI Endorsed Trans. Energy Web, vol. 7, no. 27, 2020.

Velmurugan et al., “A Review of Heat Batteries Based PV Module Cooling—Case Studies on Performance Enhancement of Large-Scale Solar PV System,” Sustainability, vol. 14, no. 4, p. 1963, Feb. 2022. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/su14041963

C. Manideep and M. V. Priya, "Improvement of Performance In Grid Connected Solar Photovoltaic For Water Pumping System Using Induction Motor," 2022 International Conference on Business Analytics for Technology and Security (ICBATS), pp. 1-5, 2022. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICBATS54253.2022.9759053

ZHAO, Yulong, et al. Performance analysis of a solar photovoltaic power generation system with spray cooling. Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, vol. 29, 2022.‏ DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csite.2021.101723

N. M. Aljamali, L. H. Khadum, and A. A. Jabbar, “Applications of Cooling Systems via Using Solar Thermal-Photovoltaic Panels: Literature Review”.

S. M. Farajat and M. Abu-Zaid, “Design a solar power air conditioning system for the engineering building at Mutah University,” Glob. J. Eng. Technol. Adv., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 008–017, 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.30574/gjeta.2020.5.1.0073

M. Goyal and M. Pandey, “Extreme Gradient Boosting Algorithm for Energy Optimization in buildings pertaining to HVAC plants,” EAI Endorsed Transactions on Energy Web, p. 164562, 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4108/eai.13-7-2018.164562

O. Hazem Mohammed, Y. Amirat, and M. Benbouzid, “Economical evaluation and optimal energy management of a stand-alone hybrid energy system handling in genetic algorithm strategies,” Electronics, vol. 7, no. 10, p. 233, 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics7100233

O. H. Mohammed, “Optimal Hybridisation of a Renewable System to Fulfill Residential Electrical Load: In Mosul, Iraq,” in 2018 Third Scientific Conference of Electrical Engineering (SCEE), 2018, pp. 209–213. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/SCEE.2018.8684206

M. Kharrich et al., “Development and implementation of a novel optimization algorithm for reliable and economic grid-independent hybrid power system,” Appl. Sci., vol. 10, no. 18, p. 6604, 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/app10186604

O. H. Mohammed, Y. Amirat, M. Benbouzid, S. Haddad, and G. Feld, “Optimal sizing and energy management of hybrid wind/tidal/PV power generation system for remote areas: Application to the Ouessant French Island,” in IECON 2016-42nd Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, 2016, pp. 4205–4210. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2016.7793976

O. H. Mohammed, Y. Amirat, and M. Benbouzid, “Particle swarm optimization of a hybrid wind/tidal/PV/battery energy system. Application to a remote area in Bretagne, France,” Energy Procedia, vol. 162, pp. 87–96, 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2019.04.010

D. Q. H. Abd and A. K. Abdulkareem, “Study the Daily Behavior of Rainfall over Iraq,” in Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2020, vol. 1660, no. 1, p. 012068. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1660/1/012068

“Samawah Climate Weather Averages,” WorldWeatherOnline.com. https://www.worldweatheronline.com/samawah-weather/al-muthanna/iq.aspx (accessed Feb. 13, 2022).

R. A. Mejeed, S. S. Oudah, and R. Y. Abed, “Design of solar photovoltaic pressurized drip irrigation pumping system at Al-salman District in Samawa Governorate,” Int. J. Power Electron. Drive Syst., vol. 10, no. 3, p. 1628, 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.11591/ijpeds.v10.i3.pp1628-1637

S. Jogunuri, R. Kumar, and D. Kumar, “Sizing an off-grid photovoltaic system (A case study),” in 2017 International Conference on Energy, Communication, Data Analytics and Soft Computing (ICECDS), 2017, pp. 2618–2622. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICECDS.2017.8389927

H. M. Hashim, E. Sokolova, O. Derevianko, and D. B. Solovev, “Cooling Load Calculations,” IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 463, p. 032030, Dec. 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/463/3/032030

D. Kolantla, S. Mikkili, S. R. Pendem, and A. Desai, “Critical review on various inverter topologies for PV system architectures,” IET Renew. Power Gener., 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-rpg.2020.0317

M. R. Maghami, H. Hizam, C. Gomes, M. A. Radzi, M. I. Rezadad, and S. Hajighorbani, “Power loss due to soiling on solar panel: A review,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 59, pp. 1307–1316, 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2016.01.044

A. A. Abbood, M. A. Salih, and A. Y. Mohammed, “Modeling and simulation of 1mw grid connected photovoltaic system in Karbala city,” Int. J. Energy Environ., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 153–168, 2018.

G. Cipriani, V. Di Dio, A. Marcotulli, and R. Miceli, “Manufacturing tolerances effects on PV array energy production,” in 2014 International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Application (ICRERA), 2014, pp. 952–957. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICRERA.2014.7016526

F. A. Ali, “Optimum Tilt Angle of Photovoltaic Panels for Some Iraq Cities,” J. Univ. Babylon Eng. Sci., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 155–163, 2018.

Downloads

Published

08-06-2022

How to Cite

1.
Mohammed OH, Al-Salmany ZT. Performance Optimization of Solar PV System Utilized for Cooling System. EAI Endorsed Trans Energy Web [Internet]. 2022 Jun. 8 [cited 2022 Oct. 6];9(39):e5. Available from: https://publications.eai.eu/index.php/ew/article/view/1378