A Current-Source Converter with a Hybrid Dc-dc Converter Interfacing an Electric Vehicle and a Renewable Energy Source

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4108/ew.v9i5.3047

Keywords:

Current-Source Converter, Electric Vehicle, Hybrid Dc-dc Converter, Renewable Energy Source, Power Quality

Abstract

The increasing demand for electricity and the impact of the consumption of fossil fuels leads to the need for approaching new alternatives of energy production, namely energy storage systems (ESS) and renewable energy sources (RES). For this purpose, this paper presents a single-phase current-source converter (CSC) with a hybrid dc-dc converter connected to the dc-link, which not only allows the interface of an electric vehicle (EV) and a RES, but also operates as shunt active power filter (SAPF). The operation as SAPF is performed through the CSC connected to the power grid, compensating some power quality problems that can occur in the electrical installation, namely current harmonics and low power factor. Moreover, the CSC can operate as a grid-tied inverter or as an active rectifier. Regarding the hybrid dc-dc converter, the main role of this power converter is to interface the CSC dc-link with the power converters for the EV and RES interfaces. As demonstrated along the paper, the CSC, combined with the hybrid dc-dc converter, allows the operation as SAPF, as well as the operation in bidirectional mode, specifically for the EV operation, and for injecting power from the RES. In this paper, the power electronics structure is described in detail, and the operating principle is introduced, supported by the description of the control algorithms. The validation results show the proper operation of the CSC as SAPF and the operation of the hybrid dc-dc converter as EV battery charger and discharger, as well as RES interface.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

J. Li, X. Zhang, S. Ali, and Z. Khan, “Eco-innovation and energy productivity: New determinants of renewable energy consumption,” Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 271, p. 111028, 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.111028

L. González, E. Siavichay, and J. Espinoza, “Impact of EV fast charging stations on the power distribution network of a Latin American intermediate city,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 107, pp. 309–318, 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2019.03.017

J. L. Afonso, L. A. Cardoso, D. Pedrosa, T. J. Sousa, L. Machado, M. Tanta, and V. Monteiro, “A Review on Power Electronics Technologies for Electric Mobility,” Energies, vol. 13, no. 23, p. 6343, 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/en13236343

Vítor Monteiro, João C. Ferreira, Andrés A. Nogueira Melendez, José A. Afonso, Carlos Couto, João L. Afonso, "Experimental Validation of a Bidirectional Three-Level dc-dc Converter for On-Board or Off-Board EV Battery Chargers", IEEE IECON 2019 - Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, Lisbon, Portugal, pp.3468-3473, 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2019.8927763

T. Strasser, F. Andrén, J. Kathan, C. Cecati, C. Buccella, P. Siano, V. Mařík, “A review of architectures and concepts for intelligence in future electric energy systems”. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 62(4), 2424-2438, 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2014.2361486

P. S. Moses, S. Deilami, A. S. Masoum, and M. A. S. Masoum, “Power quality of smart grids with plug-in electric vehicles considering battery charging profile,” IEEE PES Innov. Smart Grid Technol. Conf. Eur. ISGT Eur., pp. 1–7, 2010. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ISGTEUROPE.2010.5638983

Vítor Monteiro, Tiago J. C. Sousa, M. J. Sepúlveda, Carlos Couto, António Lima, João L. Afonso, "A Proposed Bidirectional Three-Level dc-dc Power Converter for Applications in Smart Grids: An Experimental Validation", IEEE SEST 2019 - International Conference on Smart Energy Systems and Technologies, Porto, Portugal, pp.1-6, 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/SEST.2019.8849084

X. Guo, Y. Yang, and X. Zhang, “Advanced control of grid-connected current source converter under unbalanced grid voltage conditions,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 65, no. 12, pp. 9225–9233, 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2018.2835367

X. Guo, Y. Yang, and X. Wang, “Optimal space vector modulation of current-source converter for DC-link current ripple reduction,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 66, no. 3, pp. 1671–1680, 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2018.2835396

S. Pettersson, M. Salo, and H. Tuusa, “Optimal DC current control for four-wire current source active power filter,” Conf. Proc. - IEEE Appl. Power Electron. Conf. Expo. -APEC, pp. 1163–1168, 2008. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/APEC.2008.4522869

G. J. Su and L. Tang, “Current source inverter based traction drive for EV battery charging applications,” 2011 IEEE Veh. Power Propuls. Conf. VPPC 2011, pp. 1–6, 2011.

L. Tang and G. J. Su, “Boost mode test of a current-source-inverter-fed permanent magnet synchronous motor drive for automotive applications,” 2010 IEEE 12th Work. Control Model. Power Electron. COMPEL 2010, 2010. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/COMPEL.2010.5562430

W. Shen, T. T. Vo, and A. Kapoor, “Charging algorithms of lithium-ion batteries: An overview,” Proc. 2012 7th IEEE Conf. Ind. Electron. Appl. ICIEA 2012, pp. 1567–1572, 2012.

J. S. Moon, J. H. Lee, I. Y. Ha, T. K. Lee, and C. Y. Won, “An efficient battery charging algorithm based on state-of-charge estimation for electric vehicle,” 2011 Int. Conf. Electr. Mach. Syst. ICEMS 2011, 2011. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICEMS.2011.6073783

A. K. Abdelsalam, A. M. Massoud, S. Ahmed, and P. N. Enjeti, “High-performance adaptive perturb and observe MPPT technique for photovoltaic based microgrids,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 1010–1021, 2011. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2011.2106221

T. Esram and P. L. Chapman, “Comparison of Photovoltaic Array Maximum Power Point Tracking Techniques,” IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 439–449, 2007. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TEC.2006.874230

Catia F. Oliveira, Ana M. C. Rodrigues, Delfim Pedrosa, Joao L. Afonso and Vitor Monteiro, “A Single-Phase Current-Source Converter Combined with a Hybrid Converter for Interfacing an Electric Vehicle and a Renewable Energy Source,” EAI SESC 2020, 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-73585-2_11

M. Routimo, M. Salo, and H. Tuusa, “Comparison of voltage-source and current-source shunt active power filters,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 636–643, 2007. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2006.890005

M. Salo and S. Pettersson, “Current-source active power filter with an optimal DC current control,” PESC Rec. -IEEE Annu. Power Electron. Spec. Conf., 2006. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/PCCON.2007.373019

M. Karimi-Ghartemani, S. A. Khajehoddin, P. K. Jain, A. Bakhshai, and M. Mojiri, “Addressing DC component in pll and notch filter algorithms,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 78–86, 2012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2011.2158238

M. Karimi-Ghartemani and M. R. Iravani, “A method for synchronization of power electronic converters in polluted and variable-frequency environments,” IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 1263–1270, 2004. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRS.2004.831280

L. S. Czarnecki, “Budeanu and Fryze: Two frameworks for interpreting power properties of circuits with nonsinusoidal voltages and currents,” Electr. Eng., vol. 80, no. Teoria de Potência;, pp. 359–367, 1997. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01232925

J. Zhou, Z. Wang, and X. Fu, “Study on the improved harmonic detection algorithm based on FBD theory,” Asia-Pacific Power Energy Eng. Conf. APPEEC, no. 1, pp. 2–5, 2011. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/APPEEC.2011.5749145

V. Staudt, “Fryze - Buchholz - Depenbrock: A time-domain power theory,” in International School on Nonsinusoidal Currents and Compensation (ISNCC), pp. 1–12, 2008. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ISNCC.2008.4627481

D. Sera, R. Teodorescu, J. Hantschel, and M. Knoll, “Optimized maximum power point tracker for fast-changing environmental conditions,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 55, no. 7, pp. 2629–2637, 2008. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2008.924036

S. Li, B. Zhang, T. Xu, and J. Yang, “A new MPPT control method of photovoltaic grid-connected inverter system,” in The 26th Chinese Control and Decision Conference (2014 CCDC), pp. 2753–2757, 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/CCDC.2014.6852640

Motahhir, Saad, Aboubakr El Hammoumi, and Abdelaziz El Ghzizal. “The most used MPPT algorithms: Review and the suitable low-cost embedded board for each algorithm,” Journal of cleaner production , 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.118983

S. Baraskar, S. K. Jain, and P. K. Padhy, “Fuzzy logic assisted P and O based improved MPPT for photovoltaic systems,” Int. Conf. Emerg. Trends Electr. Electron. Sustain. Energy Syst. ICETEESES 2016, pp. 250-255, 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICETEESES.2016.7581369

N. Hensgens, M. Silva, J. A. Oliver, J. A. Cobos, S. Skibin, and A. Ecklebe, “Optimal design of AC EMI filters with damping networks and effect on the system power factor,” 2012 IEEE Energy Convers. Congr. Expo. ECCE 2012, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 637–644, 2012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ECCE.2012.6342761

Downloads

Published

16-02-2023

How to Cite

1.
Oliveira CF, Rodrigues AMC, Pedrosa D, Afonso JL, Monteiro V. A Current-Source Converter with a Hybrid Dc-dc Converter Interfacing an Electric Vehicle and a Renewable Energy Source . EAI Endorsed Trans Energy Web [Internet]. 2023 Feb. 16 [cited 2024 Mar. 2];9(5):e4. Available from: https://publications.eai.eu/index.php/ew/article/view/3047