Optimal Placement and sizing of DG Units Using LCA Algorithm

Authors

  • Djemoui Benkhetta LMSE Laboratory, Electrical Engineering Department, Mohamed Khider University, 07000 Biskra, Algeria
  • Abdelhafid Rouina LMSE Laboratory, Electrical Engineering Department, Mohamed Khider University, 07000 Biskra, Algeria
  • Abdelouahab Necira LGEB Laboratory, Electrical Engineering Department, Mohamed Khider University, 07000 Biskra, Algeria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4108/ew.4345

Keywords:

Distributed generation (DG), League championship algorithm (LCA), Radial distribution network (RDS)

Abstract

The motivation of this paper is to present an approach that relies on the league championship algorithm (LCA) to determine the most effective number, placement, and size of distributed generations (DG) within distribution systems. The primary objective of this approach is to minimize the losses of the power system, as well as to enhance the voltage profiles and stability index of the voltage. The optimal location of the DG units is determined through the use of the Loss Sensitivity Factor (LSF), while the optimal size of the DG units is found through the use of LCA. The IEEE 33-bus and 69-bus radial distribution systems were both tested to validate the proposed method, and the results obtained from LCA were compared to those of other methods found in the literature. The simulated results have shown that the LCA method proposed in this paper is highly effective and performs exceptionally well when addressing the problem of optimal location and sizing of DG units in radial networks.

 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

SULAIMAN, M. H., M. W. MUSTAFA, A. AZMI, O. ALIMAN and S. R. ABDUL RAHIM. Optimal Allocation and Sizing of Distributed Generation in Distribution System via Firefly Algorithm: Power Engineering and Optimization Conference (PEDCO). Melaka: IEEE, 2012, pp. 84–89. ISBN 978-1-4673-0662-1. DOI: 10.1109/PEOCO.2012.6230840. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/PEOCO.2012.6230840

EL-KHATTAM, W. and M. M. A. SALAMA. Distributed Generation Technologies, Definitions and Benefits. Electric Power Systems Research. 2004, vol. 71, iss. 2, pp. 119–128. ISSN 0378-7796. DOI: 10.1016/j.epsr.2004.01.006. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsr.2004.01.006

ACKERMANNA, T., G. ANDERSSONB and L. SODERA. Distributed Generation: A Definition. Electric Power Systems Research. 2001, vol. 57, iss. 3, pp. 195–204. ISSN 0378-7796. DOI: 10.1016/S0378-7796(01)00101-8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-7796(01)00101-8

EMINOGLU, U. and M. H. HOCAOGLU. Distribution Systems Forward/Backward Sweep-based Power Flow Algorithms: A Review and Comparison Study. Electric Power Components and Systems. 2008, vol. 37, iss. 1, pp. 91–110. ISSN 1532-5008. DOI: 10.1080/15325000802322046. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/15325000802322046

AUGUGLIARO, A., L. DUSONCHET, S. FAVUZZA, M. G. IPPOLITO and E. R. SANSEVERINO. A Backward Sweep Method for Power Flow Solution in Distribution Networks. International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems. 2010, vol. 32, iss. 4, pp. 271–280. ISSN 0142-0615. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijepes.2009.09.007. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijepes.2009.09.007

KROPOSKI, B., P. K. SEN and K. MALMEDAL Optimum Sizing and Placement of Distributed and Renewable Energy Sources in Electric Power Distribution Systems. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications. 2013, vol. 49, iss. 6, pp. 2741–2752. ISSN 0093-9994. DOI: 10.1109/TIA.2013.2262661. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIA.2013.2262661

GOZEL, T. and M. H. HOCAOGLU. An Analytical Method for the Sizing and Siting of Distributed Generators in Radial Systems. Electric Power Systems Research. 2009, vol. 79, iss. 6, pp. 912–918. ISSN 0378-7796. DOI: 10.1016/j.epsr.2008.12.007. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsr.2008.12.007

DEVI, A. L. and A. CHAITHANYA. A New Analytical Method for the Sizing and Siting of DG in Radial System to Minimize Real Power Losses. International Journal of Computational Engineering Research. 2012, vol. 2, iss. 7, pp. 31–37. ISSN 2250-3005.

GOZEL, T., U. EMINOGLU and M. H. HOCAOGLU. A Tool for Voltage Stability and Optimization (VS and OP) in Radial Distribution Systems Using Matlab Graphical User Interface (GUI). Simulation Modelling Practice and Theory. 2008, vol. 16, iss. 5, pp. 505–518. ISSN 1569-190X. DOI: 10.1016/j.simpat.2008.02.003. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.simpat.2008.02.003

LALITHA, M. P., V. C. V. REDDY and V. USHA. Optimal DG Placement for Minimum Real Power Loss in Radial Distribution Systems Using PSO. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology. 2010, vol. 13, iss. 2, pp. 107–116. ISSN 1992-8645.

AMAN, M. M., G. B. JASMON, A. H. A. BAKAR and H. MOKHLIS. A New Approach for Optimum DG Placement and Sizing Based on Voltage Stability Maximization and Minimization of Power Losses. Energy Conversion and Management. 2013, vol. 70, iss. 11, pp. 202–210. ISSN 0196-8904. DOI: 10.1016/j.enconman.2013.02.015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2013.02.015

MOHANDAS, N., R. BALAMURUGAN and L. LAKSHMINARASIMMAN. Optimal Location and Sizing of Real Power DG Units to Improve the Voltage Stability in the Distribution System Us- ing ABC Algorithm United with Chaos. International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems. 2015, vol. 66, iss. 1, pp. 41–52. ISSN 0142- 0615. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijepes.2014.10.033. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijepes.2014.10.033

KEFAYAT, M., A. LASHKAR ARA and S. A. NABAVI NIAKI. A Hybrid of Ant Colony Optimization and Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm for Probabilistic Optimal Placement and Sizing of Distributed Energy Resources. Energy Conversion and Management. 2015, vol. 92, iss. 1, pp. 149–161. ISSN 0196-8904. DOI: 10.1016/j.enconman.2014.12.037. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2014.12.037

ODA, E. S., A. A. ABDELSALAM, M. N. ABDEL-WAHAB and M. M. EL-SAADAWI. Dis-tributed Generations Planning Using Flower Pollination Algorithm for Enhancing Distribution System Voltage Stability. Ain Shams Engineering Journal. 2015, vol. 8, iss. 4, pp. 593–603. ISSN 2090-4479. DOI: 10.1016/j.asej.2015.12.001. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asej.2015.12.001

ALARCON-RODRIGUEZ, A., E. HAESEN, G. AULT, J. DRIESEN and R. BELMANS. Multi- objective Planning Framework for Stochastic and Controllable Distributed Energy Resources. IET Renewable Power Generation. 2009, vol. 3, iss. 2, pp. 227–238. ISSN 1752-1424. DOI: 10.1049/iet- rpg:20080045. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-rpg:20080045

MOHAMMEDI, R. D., A. HELLAL, S. ARIF and M. MOSBAH. Optimal DG Placement and Sizing in Radial Distribution Systems Using NSGA-II for Power Loss Minimization and Voltage Stability Enhancement. International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE). 2013, vol. 8, iss. 6, pp. 1806– 1814. ISSN 1827-6660.

TAN, W. S., M. Y. HASSAN, M. S. MAJID and H. A. RAHMAN. Optimal Distributed Renewable Generation Planning: A Review of Different Approaches. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2013, vol. 18, iss. 1, pp. 626–645. ISSN 1364- 0321. DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2012.10.039. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2012.10.039

PALIWAL, P., N. P. PATIDAR and R. K. NEMA. Planning of Grid Integrated Distributed Generators: A Review of Technology, objectives and techniques. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2014, vol. 40, iss. 1, pp. 557–570. ISSN 1364-0321. DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2014.07.200. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2014.07.200

MORADI, M. H. and N. ABEDINI. A combination of genetic algorithm and particle swarm optimization for optimal DG location and sizing in distribution systems. International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems. 2012, vol. 34, iss. 1, pp. 66–74. ISSN 0142-0615. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijepes.2011.08.023. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijepes.2011.08.023

CHENG, M.-Y. and D. PRAYOGO. Symbiotic Organisms Search: A new metaheuristic optimization algorithm. Computer and Structures. 2014, vol. 139, iss. 1, pp. 98–112. ISSN 0045-7949. DOI: 10.1016/j.compstruc.2014.03.007. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruc.2014.03.007

PRAKASH, K. and M. SYDULU. Particle Swarm Optimization Based Capacitor Placement on Radial Distribution Systems. In: Power Engineering Society General Meeting. Tampa: IEEE, 2007, pp. 1–5. ISBN 1-4244-1296-X. DOI: 10.1109/PES.2007.386149. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/PES.2007.386149

ZULPO, R. S., R. C. LEBORGNE and A. S. BRETAS. Optimal Siting and Sizing of Distributed Generation through Power Losses and Voltage Deviation. In: 16th International Conference on Harmonics and Quality of Power. Bucharest: IEEE, 2014, pp. 871–875. ISBN 978-1-4673-6487-4. DOI: 10.1109/ICHQP.2014.6842788. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICHQP.2014.6842788

HAMOUDA, A. and K. ZEHAR. Efficient Load Flow Method for Radial Distribution Feeders. Journal of Applied Science.2006, vol. 6, iss. 13, pp. 2741–2748. ISSN 1812-5654. DOI: 10.3923/jas.2006.2741.2748. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3923/jas.2006.2741.2748

ZHANG, D., Z. FU and L. ZHANG. An improved TS algorithm for loss-minimum re- configuration in large-scale distribution systems. Electric Power Systems Research. 2007, vol. 77, iss. 5–6, pp. 685–694. ISSN 0378-7796. DOI: 10.1016/j.epsr.2006.06.005. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsr.2006.06.005

DAS, B., V. MUKHERJEE and D. DAS. DG placement in radial distribution network by sym- biotic organism search algorithm for real power loss minimization. Applied Soft Computing. 2016, vol. 49, iss. 1, pp. 920–936. ISSN 1568-4946. DOI: 10.1016/j.asoc.2016.09.015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asoc.2016.09.015

H.R.E.H. BOUCHEKARA, M.A. ABIDO, A.E. CHAIB and R. MEHASNI. Optimal power flow using the league championship algorithm: A case study of the Algerian power system. Energy Conversion and Management 87 (2014) 58–70 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2014.06.088

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2014.06.088H. A. KASHAN. 2014. League Championship Algorithm (LCA): An algorithm for global optimization inspired by sport championships. Applied Soft Computing. 16:171-200. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asoc.2013.12.005

KOLLU, R., S. R RAYAPUDI and V. L. N. SADHU. A novel method for optimal placement of distributed generation in distribution systems using HSDO. European Transactions on Electrical Power. 2014, vol. 24, iss. 4, pp. 547–561. ISSN 2050-7038. DOI: 10.1002/etep.1710. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/etep.1710

SULTANA, S. and P. K. ROY. Multi-objective quasi-oppositional teaching learning-based optimization for optimal location of distributed gener- ator in radial distribution systems. International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems. 2014, vol. 63, iss. 1, pp. 534–545. ISSN 0142-0615. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijepes.2014.06.031. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijepes.2014.06.031

T. Nguyen-Phuoc, D. Vo-Ngoc and T. Tran-The, "Optimal number location and size of distributed generators in distribution systems by symbiotic organism search based method", Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 724-735, 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15598/aeee.v15i5.2355

Downloads

Published

24-06-2024

How to Cite

1.
Benkhetta D, Rouina A, Necira A. Optimal Placement and sizing of DG Units Using LCA Algorithm. EAI Endorsed Trans Energy Web [Internet]. 2024 Jun. 24 [cited 2024 Jul. 13];11. Available from: https://publications.eai.eu/index.php/ew/article/view/4345