Climate Smart Agriculture Practices in India

Authors

  • Manisha Singh G. L. Bajaj Institute of Management and Research
  • Fatima Qasim Hasan Galgotias University image/svg+xml

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4108/ew.4645

Keywords:

Climate Smart Agriculture, Climate Change, Food Security, Sustainability, Resilience

Abstract

According to the World Bank, Climate-smart agriculture encompasses the comprehensive management of landscapes, including land under cultivation, livestock, woodland areas, and aquatic resources, addressing the interconnected issues of food security and climate change. United Nations Population Fund or UNFPAs Population dashboard shows India’s population at 1406.6 million with an annual average rate of population increase at 0.9% from 2020-25. To meet this food demand, it is imperative for India to adapt sustainable agricultural practices. The IPCC (Inter-governmental panel on climate change) report has pointed out that climate change has affected food security due to global warming and extremes of temperatures around the World. In light of these facts, India faces the unique challenge of developing a path of enhancing the country’s food supply, ensuring water availability while minimizing agricultural GHGs (Greenhouse emissions) which are estimated to be 14% of its total GHG emissions. In the 2021 Global Climate Risk Index (CRI), India was ranked 7th, with a CRI score of 16.67. This paper aims at understanding the theoretical and conceptual framework of climate smart agriculture and presents an insight into how the objectives of food sufficiency, change in climatic conditions and greenhouse gas emissions are being met in India through policies, institutions and financial models.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

https://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/climate-smart-agriculture

https://www.fao.org/3/an177e/an177e00.pdf

https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2022/10/17/what-you-need-to-know-about-food-security-and-climate-change

World Bank Group. Realigning Agricultural Support to Promote Climate-Smart Agriculture; World Bank Group: Washington, DC, USA, 2018.

https://www.unfpa.org/data/world-population-dashboard

Shukla PR, Skea J, Calvo Buendia E, Masson-Delmotte V, Pörtner HO, Roberts DC, Zhai P, Slade R, Connors S, Van Diemen R, Ferrat M.: IPCC, Climate Change and Land: an IPCC special report on climate change, desertification, land degradation, sustainable land management, food security, and greenhouse gas fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems.

Haq,Z.: India aims for better practices to cut agri emissions, experts call for clear goals, https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/india-aims-for-better-practices-to-cut-agri-emissions-experts-call-for-clear-goals-101637068230083.html, last access 2023/09/24

Harvell, C.D.; Mitchell, C.E.; Ward, J.R.; Altizer, S.; Dobson, A.P.; Ostfeld, R.S.; Samuel, M.D.: Climate warming and disease risks for terrestrial and marine biota. Science.296. 2158–2162(2002). https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1063699 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1063699

McCarthy, N.; Lipper, L.; Branca, G.: Climate-Smart Agriculture: Smallholder Adoption and Implications for Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation; Climate Change Agriculture Work Paper. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome (2011).

FAO, F.: Climate smart agriculture: policies, practices and financing for food security, adaptation and mitigation. Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome (2010).

Fernández-Baldor Á, Hueso A, Boni A.; From individuality to collectivity: The challenges for technology-oriented development projects. In The capability approach, technology and design. Springer, Netherlands (2012). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-3879-9_8

Matta, N.F.; Ashkenas, R.N. Why good projects fail anyway. Harv. Bus. Rev. 2003, 81, 109–116. https://www.thechangeleaders.com/wpcontent/uploads/2019/01/HBR_-Why-Good-Projects-Fail-Anyway_Sep03.pdf. last accessed on 2023/01/09

Verhagen, J., Vellinga, T., Neijenhuis, F., Jarvis, T., Jackson, L., Caron, P., Torquebiau, E., Lipper, L., Fernandes, E., Mensa, REM, Vermeulen, Climate-Smart Agriculture - Scientists’ perspectives. (2014) https://hdl.handle.net/10568/42434. last accessed on 2023/09/14

Steenwerth, K.L., Hodson, A.K., Bloom, A.J., Carter, M.R., Cattaneo, A., Chartres, C.J., Hatfield, J.L., Henry, K., Hopmans, J.W., Horwath, W.R.,Jenkins, B.M.: Climate-smart agriculture global research agenda: scientific basis for action. Agriculture & Food Security, 3.1.1-39(2014). https://doi.org/10.1186/2048-7010-3-11 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/2048-7010-3-11

Wakweya, R.B.: Challenges and prospects of adopting climate-smart agricultural practices and technologies: Implications for food security. Journal of Agriculture and Food Research.100698(2023).https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jafr.2023.100698 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jafr.2023.100698

Sarker, M.N.I., Hossain, B., Shi, G., Firdaus, and R.R.: Promoting net-zero economy through climate-smart agriculture: transition towards sustainability. Sustainability Science.18.5. 2107-2119(2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11625-023-01379-0 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11625-023-01379-0

Tadesse, Benyam, Murad, Ahmed: Impact of adoption of climate smart agricultural practices to minimize production risk in Ethiopia: A systematic review; Journal of Agriculture and Food Research.100655(2023). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jafr.2023.100655 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jafr.2023.100655

Ehsan, N., Hoogenboom, G., Qamar, M.K., Wilkerson, C.J., Wajid, S.A. and Aziz, F.: Climate change risk perception and adaptation to climate smart agriculture are required to increase wheat production for food security. Italian Journal of Agronomy.17.4 (2022). https://doi.org/10.4081/ija.2022.2129 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4081/ija.2022.2129

Akter, A., Mwalupaso, G. E., Wang, S., Jahan, M. S., Geng, X.: Towards climate action at farm-level: Distinguishing complements and substitutes among climate-smart agricultural practices (CSAPs) in flood prone areas. Climate Risk Management. 40.100491(2023). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crm.2023.100491 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crm.2023.100491

Woetzel, J., Pinner, D., Samandari, H.: Climate risk and response: Physical hazards and socioeconomic impacts. Mc Kinsey & Company.

Vemuri, S.: Why Zero Budget Natural Farming is the Future of Sustainable Agriculture, https://qrius.com/zero-budget-natural-farming-future-sustainable-agriculture, last accessed 2023/09/15

Kanika, M.: What is FPO and How it is helpful to Farmers?, https://krishijagran.com/agripedia/what-is-fpo-and-how-it-is-helpful-to-farmers, last accessed 2023/09/17

Kishore, A., Pal, B.D., Joshi, K., Aggarwal, P. K.: Unfolding Government Policies Towards the India’s Experience with Climate Smart Agriculture: Opportunities for Triangular Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific 88 Development of Climate Smart Agriculture in India. Agricultural Economics Research Review.31. 123–37(2018). http://dx.doi.org/10.5958/0974-0279.2018.00028.9 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5958/0974-0279.2018.00028.9

Lipper, L., Zilberman, D.: A Short History of the Evolution of the Climate Smart Agriculture Approach and Its Links to Climate Change and Sustainable Agriculture Debates. Springer International Publishing, Cham. 13-30 (2018). DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-61194-5 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-61194-5_2

Ehui, S., Pender, J.: Resource degradation, low agricultural productivity, and poverty in sub-Saharan Africa: pathways out of the spiral. Agricultural Economics. 32(s1), 225–242 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0169-5150.2004.00026.x DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0169-5150.2004.00026.x

Downloads

Published

19-12-2023

How to Cite

1.
Singh M, Hasan FQ. Climate Smart Agriculture Practices in India. EAI Endorsed Trans Energy Web [Internet]. 2023 Dec. 19 [cited 2024 Jun. 18];10. Available from: https://publications.eai.eu/index.php/ew/article/view/4645