Opportunities, challenges and future perspectives of Geothermal Energy in Ethiopia: A Review

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4108/ew.4863

Keywords:

Geothermal Energy, East African rift valley systems, EARs, opportunities and challenges, future perspectives

Abstract

Ethiopia is among the East African regions with huge geothermal energy potential due to the presence of geologically active volcanic and hot spring-featured Rift Valley. However, geothermal energy is at its infant stage of utilization not only in Ethiopia but also in the continent of Africa and globally. Regionally, Kenya is the country with advanced extraction of it for electricity generation followed by Ethiopia in East Africa. Generation of electricity from this largely abundant energy resource has an enormous opportunity for societal and regional economic development though it is not an easy process due to the many challenges of the generation process. In this paper, geothermal energy in Ethiopia and the region, the opportunity, barriers with possible solutions, and future perspective are stated.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

IEA. (2019). Africa energy outlook, Paris: International Energy Agency. www.iea.org/africa2019%0Ahttps://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/energy/africa-energy-outlook_g2120ab250

UNECA. (2014). Energy Access and Security in Eastern Africa. Status and Enhancement Pathways. In Energy Access in Eastern Africa. http://www.uneca.org/sites/default/files/publications/energy_access_and_security_in_ea_eng_fin_lowres_27dec2013.pdf

Sawyer, C. (2020). Meeting Future Electricity Needs in the East African Community: Mapping Renewable Energy Potential. https://www.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:1478929

IRENA. (2020). Geothermal Development in Eastern Africa: Recommendations for power and direct use. www.irena.org/publications%0ARECOMMENDA

Manfred Hafner, Simone Tagliapietra, & Lucia De Strasser. (2018). Energy in Africa: Challenges and Opportunities. In Springer Briefs in Energy. https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2F978-3-319-92219-5.pdf

Mburu, M. (2009). Geothermal Energy Utilisation. Exploration for Geothermal Resources, 1–11.

Merem, E. C., Twumasi, Y., Wesley, J., Olagbegi, D., Fageir, S., Crisler, M., Romorno, C., Alsarari, M., Hines, A., Ochai, G. S., Nwagboso, E., Leggett, S., Foster, D., Purry, V., & Washington, J. (2019). Analyzing Geothermal Energy Use in the East African Region: The Case of Kenya. Energy and Power, 9(1), 12–26. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5923/j.ep.20190901.02

Kombe, E. Y., & Muguthu, J. (2018). Geothermal Energy Development in East Africa: Barriers and Strategies. Journal of Energy Research and Reviews, December 2018, 1–6. https://doi.org/10.9734/jenrr/2019/v2i129722 DOI: https://doi.org/10.9734/jenrr/2019/v2i129722

Omenda, P., Teklemariam, M., Commission, A. U., & Ababa, A. (2010). Overview of Geothermal Resource Utilization in the. 1–11.

Omenda, P. A. (2009). The geothermal activity of the East African rift. Presented at Short Course II on Surface Exploration for Geothermal Resources, 1–12.

International Renewable Energy Agency. (2020). The East African Rift: Realising the Region’s Geothermal Potential. 2–3.

Mazengia, D. H. (2021). Ethiopian Energy Systems - Potentials, Opportunities, and Sustainable Utilization.

Burnside, N., Montcoudiol, N., Becker, K., & Lewi, E. (2021). Geothermal energy resources in Ethiopia : Status review and insights from hydrochemistry of surface and groundwaters. June, 1–27. https://doi.org/10.1002/wat2.1554 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/wat2.1554

Tiruye, G. A., Besha, A. T., Mekonnen, Y. S., & Benti, N. E. (2021). Opportunities and Challenges of Renewable Energy Production in Ethiopia. 1–25. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/su131810381

Solomon, K., Fikru, W., Tesfaye, K., & Ababa, P. O. B. A. (2021). Status of Geothermal Exploration and Development in Ethiopia. October.

Teklemariam, M., & Beyene, K. (2005). Geothermal Exploration and Development in Ethiopia. April, 24–29.

Garman, D. K. (2004). Geothermal Technologies Program: Buried Treasure-The Environmental, Economic, and Employment Benefits of Geothermal Energy. U.S. Department of Energy-Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. https://www.holidify.com/pages/hot-water-springs-in-india-128.html

Teklemariam, M. (2008). Overview of Geothermal Resource Utilization and Potential in the East African Rift System. 1–9.

Heath, J., Sussman, D., Lonsdale, A., & Bayarsaikhan, M. (2018). Advancing geothermal development in East Africa: Lessons learned during the 2015-2018 EAGER Programme. November, 13. www.eagerfacility.com

Sutter, J., & Githui, D. (2013). Reasons for and Impact of Having Majorly Geothermal Powered Economy: a Critique of Kenyan Power System. Thirty-Eighth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering.

Kincer, J. (2021). 5 Major Barriers to Scaling Up Geothermal in East Africa. July, 1–2.

Luketina, K. M. (2022). Environmental Impacts of Geothermal Energy Use. Comprehensive Renewable Energy, 72–91. https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-819727-1.00010-8 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-819727-1.00010-8

Fridriksson, T., Merino, A. M., Orucu, A. Y., & Audinet, P. (2017). Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Geothermal Power Production. PROCEEDINGS Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, 1–12. https://pangea.stanford.edu/ERE/db/GeoConf/papers/SGW/2017/Fridriksson.pdf DOI: https://doi.org/10.1596/24691

Njiru, C. W., & Letema, S. C. (2018). Energy Poverty and Its Implication on Standard of Living in Kirinyaga, Kenya. Journal of Energy, 2018, 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/3196567 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/3196567

Joint Research Centre. (2020). Status of Geothermal Industry in East African Countries.

Urban, F. (2019). Energy, poverty, and development. Energy and Development, 1–23. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781351047487-1 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9781351047487-1

IRENA. (2014). A Renewable Energy Roadmap Report. Irena, June, 173. www.irena.org/remap

Amoah, A., Kwablah, E., Korle, K., & Offei, D. (2020). Renewable energy consumption in Africa: The role of economic well-being and economic freedom. Energy, Sustainability and Society, 10(1), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13705-020-00264-3 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13705-020-00264-3

https://doi.org/10.3389/fenrg.2020.564104

Nalule, V. R. (2019). Energy Poverty and Access Challenges in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Role of regionalism. Energy Climate and the Environment, 1–5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-95402-8

Bonan, J., Pareglio, S., & Tavoni, M. (2017). Access to modern energy: A review of barriers, drivers and impacts. Environment and Development Economics, 22(5), 491–516. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1355770X17000201 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1355770X17000201

www.eia.gov: US Energy Information Administration

Endeshaw, A., & Belaineh, M. (1990). Status of geothermal energy in Ethiopia.

Kebede, S. (2014). Geothermal Exploration and Development in Ethiopia: Country Update. Short Course IX on Exploration for Geothermal Resources, 15(Figure 1), 8.

Teklemariam, M., & Kebede, S. (2010). Strategy for Geothermal Resource Exploration and Development in Ethiopia. Proceedings World Geothermal Congress, April, 25–29.

Ministry of Water Irrigation and Energy, & Ethiopia Federal Democratic Republic of. (2015). Highlights of the Ethiopian Geothermal Sector. June. http://www.irena.org/EventDocs/4. Ethiopia.pdf

Teklemariam, M., Beyene, K., AmdeBerhan, Y., & Gebregziabher, Z. (2000). Geothermal Development in Ethiopia. World Geothermal Congress 2000, 3, 475–480.

Simiyu, S. M. (2010). Status of Geothermal Exploration in Kenya and Future Plans for Its Development. World Geothermal Congress 2010, April, 25–29.

Mnjokava, T. T. (2012). Geothermal Development in Tanzania – A Country Update. 4th African Rift Geothermal Conference, Nairobi 2012, Figure 1, 19–25.

Tucho, G. T., & Kumsa, D. M. (2020). Challenges of Achieving Sustainable Development Goal 7 From the Perspectives of Access to Modern Cooking Energy in Developing Countries. Frontiers in Energy Research, 8(November), 1–11. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fenrg.2020.564104

https://www.geoenergymarketing.com/energy-blog/geothermal-country-overview-ethiopia.

Downloads

Published

16-01-2024

How to Cite

1.
Ashagrie TA, Admasie AT. Opportunities, challenges and future perspectives of Geothermal Energy in Ethiopia: A Review. EAI Endorsed Trans Energy Web [Internet]. 2024 Jan. 16 [cited 2024 Feb. 22];11. Available from: https://publications.eai.eu/index.php/ew/article/view/4863