Deep Cryogenic Temperature CMOS Circuit and System Design for Quantum Computing Applications

Authors

  • Jency Rubia J Vel Tech Rangarajan Dr. Sagunthala R&D Institute of Science and Technology image/svg+xml
  • Sherin Shibi C SRM Institute of Science and Technology image/svg+xml
  • Rosi A Vel Tech Rangarajan Dr. Sagunthala R&D Institute of Science and Technology image/svg+xml
  • Babitha Lincy R Sri Eshwar College of Engineering image/svg+xml
  • Ezhil E Nithila Vel Tech Rangarajan Dr. Sagunthala R&D Institute of Science and Technology image/svg+xml

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4108/ew.4997

Keywords:

cryo-CMOS, quantum SOC, quantum processor, scalability, IC design, performance analysis

Abstract

Quantum computing is a fascinating and rapidly evolving field of technology that promises to revolutionize many areas of science, engineering, and society. The fundamental unit of quantum computing is the quantum bit that can exist in two or more states concurrently, as opposed to a classical bit that can only be either 0 or 1. Any subatomic element, including atoms, electrons, and photons, can be used to implement qubits. The chosen sub-atomic elements should have quantum mechanical properties. Most commonly, photons have been used to implement qubits. Qubits can be manipulated and read by applying external fields or pulses, such as lasers, magnets, or microwaves. Quantum computers are currently suffering from various complications such as size, operating temperature, coherence problems, entanglement, etc. The realization of quantum computing, a novel paradigm that uses quantum mechanical phenomena to do computations that are not possible with classical computers, is made possible, most crucially, by the need for a quantum processor and a quantum SOC. As a result, Cryo-CMOS technology can make it possible to integrate a Quantum system on a chip. Cryo-CMOS devices are electronic circuits that operate at cryogenic temperatures, usually below 77 K (−196 °C).

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Published

01-02-2024

How to Cite

1.
J JR, C SS, A R, R BL, Nithila EE. Deep Cryogenic Temperature CMOS Circuit and System Design for Quantum Computing Applications. EAI Endorsed Trans Energy Web [Internet]. 2024 Feb. 1 [cited 2024 Feb. 22];11. Available from: https://publications.eai.eu/index.php/ew/article/view/4997