Smart meter-based outage detection method for power distribution systems


  • Xuan Wang State Grid Huaian Power Supply Company, Huaian, Jiangsu, 223001, China
  • Zhiqiang Shi State Grid Huaian Power Supply Company
  • Bing Liu State Grid Huaian Power Supply Company, Huaian, Jiangsu, 223001, China
  • Wenbiao Xiao State Grid Huaian Power Supply Company, Huaian, Jiangsu, 223001, China
  • Shuai Cheng State Grid Huaian Power Supply Company, Huaian, Jiangsu, 223001, China



outage detection, generative adversarial network, smart meter, breadth-first search


This paper proposes a new data-driven method for power outage detection. By capturing the changes in data distribution of smart meters (SM), it can detect power outages in partially visible distributed systems. First, a mechanism based on breadth-first search (BFS) is proposed, which decomposes the network into a set of regions to find the location information where power outages are most likely to occur. Then, the SM data for each region, generating a generative adversarial network (GAN), is used in order to extract unsupervised manner implicit temporal behavior under normal conditions. After network training, anomaly scoring technology is used to determine whether the real-time measurement data is the data of a power outage event. Finally, in order to infer the location of a power outage in a multi-area network, a regional coordination process with interdependence be-tween cross-regions is used. At the same time, the concept of entropy is used to provide performance analysis for the algorithm in this paper. This method has been verified on the distribution feeder model with actual SM data. Experimental results show that the algorithm is effective and feasible.


Download data is not yet available.


J. Zhao, S. Zhang, and S. Liao, "Analysis and thinking of California power outage accident in mid-August 2020," Electr. Power Eng. Technol., vol. 39, no. 06, pp. 52-57, Nov. 2020, doi: 10.12158/j.2096-3203.2020.06.008.

J. He, J. Tu, W. Sun, L. Ji, Y. Zhang, X. Zhang, and Q. Zhou, "Preliminary Analysis and Enlightenment of "8·14" and "8·15" power outages in California, USA," Power grid Technol., vol. 44, no. 12, pp. 4471-4478, Oct. 2020, doi: 10.13335/j.1000-3673.pst.2020.1586.

Q. Yu, and Q. Liu, "Application of Generalized Pareto Distribution in Power Outage Accident Analysis of China Southern Power Grid," Pract. Understanding Math., vol. 50, no. 19, pp. 175-185, Oct. 2020.

M. Xu, R. Niu, R. Xie, W. Cao, and Q. Wu, "Online Monitoring and Early warning of Multiple outages based on Multi-source Information Fusion," Shandong Sci., vol. 33, no. 04, pp. 117-123, Aug. 2020, doi: 10.3976/j.issn.1002-4026.2020.04.015.

H. Li, S. Chen, K. Chen, and Y. Li, "Research on real-time outage monitoring and protection technology based on intelligent equipment," Comput. Digital Eng., vol. 48, no. 02, pp. 498-502, Feb. 2020, doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-9722.2020.02.045.

Y. Sheng, L. Zhong, L. Zhang, Z. Zhou, and S. Gong, "Reliability monitoring and research of distribution network based on detailed outage data," Zhejiang Electr. Power, vol. 36, no. 12, pp. 70-74, Dec. 2017, doi: 10.19585/j.zjdl.201712014.

B. Li, J. Wang, Y. Zhang, and L. Huang, "Research on outage fault monitoring method of substation monitoring background machine," Power big data, vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 15-17+53, Nov. 2017, doi: 10.19317/j.cnki.1008-083x.2017.11.006.

X. Zhang, and T. Sang, "Research and Application of 10kV distribution Network Line Monitoring Method Based on Big Data Mining Technology," Mech. Electr. Inf., no. 35, pp. 12-13, Dec. 2019, doi: 10.19514/j.cnki.cn32-1628/tm.2019.35.005. DOI:

Z. S. Hosseini, M. Mahoor, and A. Khodaei, "AMI-enabled distribution network line outage identification via multi-label SVM," IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 5470–5472, Sep. 2018, doi: 10.1109/tsg.2018.2849845. DOI:

R. Moghaddass, and J. Wang, "A hierarchical framework for smart grid anomaly detection using large-scale smart meter data," IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 5820–5830, Nov. 2018, doi: 10.1109/tsg.2017.2697440. DOI:

Xiaozhou Yang, Nan Chen, Chao Zhai. A Control Chart Approach to Power System Line Outage Detection Under Transient Dynamics, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 127-135, Jan. 2021. DOI:

Anmol Dwivedi; Ali Tajer. Scalable Quickest Line Outage Detection and Localization Via Graph Spectral Analysis," IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 590-602, Jan. 2022. DOI:

Wenqu Li, Zhiwei Liu, Wei Yao, et al. Multiple Line Outage Detection for Power Systems Based on Binary Matching Pursuit," IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs, vol. 70, no. 8, pp. 2999-3003. DOI:

Electrical, Computer, and Systems Engineering Department, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA

S. J. Chen, T. S. Zhan, C. H. Huang, J. L. Chen, and C. H. Lin, "Nontechnical loss and outage detection using frac-tional-order self-synchronization error-based fuzzy petri nets in micro-distribution systems," IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 411–420, Jan. 2015, doi: 10.1109/tsg.2014.2345780. DOI:

R. A. Sevlian, Y. Zhao, R. Rajagopal, A. Goldsmith, and H. V. Poor, "Outage detection using load and line flow meas-urements in power distribution systems," IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 2053–2069, Mar. 2018, doi: 10.1109/tpwrs.2017.2727979. DOI:

H. Sun, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Z. Huang, N. Carrington, and J. Liao, "Data-driven power outage detection by social sensors," IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 2516–2524, Sep. 2016, doi: 10.1109/tsg.2016.2546181. DOI:

W. Xu, F. Guo, L. Jia, R. Zhang, J. Zhang, "Application of big data statistical analysis in power outage monitoring of distribution network," China Power Enterprise Management Innovation Practice (2019), vol. 202, no. 2, pp. 748-749, Oct. 2020, doi: 10.26914/c.cnkihy.2020.020685.

X. Hu, X. Lu, Y. Zhao, Y. Zhao, and G. Liu, "A visual monitoring device based on outage maintenance of large power grid," Electr. Technol., vol. 20, no. 07, pp. 70-73, Jul. 2019, doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-3800.2019.07.020.




How to Cite

Wang X, Shi Z, Liu B, Xiao W, Cheng S. Smart meter-based outage detection method for power distribution systems. EAI Endorsed Trans Energy Web [Internet]. 2024 May 30 [cited 2024 Jul. 13];11. Available from: