Automated Life Stage Classification of Malaria Using Deep Learning

Authors

  • Janjhyam Venkata Naga Ramesh Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation image/svg+xml
  • Raghav Agarwal Vellore Institute of Technology University image/svg+xml
  • Harshitha Jyasta Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation image/svg+xml
  • Bommisetty Sivani Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation image/svg+xml
  • Palacholla Anuradha Sri Tulasi Mounika Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation image/svg+xml
  • Bollineni Bhargavi Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation image/svg+xml

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4108/eetpht.10.5439

Keywords:

Deep learning, Malaria microscopic cell images, life stage classification, Blood smear

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Malaria, an infectious illness spread by mosquitoes, is a serious hazard to humans and animals, with an increasing number of cases recorded yearly. Prompt and precise diagnosis, as well as preventative actions, are critical for effectively combating this condition. Malaria is now diagnosed using standard techniques. Microscopy of blood smears, which consists of small pictures, is used by trained specialists to identify diseased cells and define their life phases. The World Health Organisation (WHO) has approved this microscopy-based malaria diagnostic method. Drawing a blood sample from the finger, pricking it, spreading it onto a clean glass slide, and allowing it to dry naturally are all steps in the method. Thin blood smears were previously used to identify parasites under the microscope, but thick blood smears are utilized when parasite levels are low.

OBJECTIVES: Due to its reliance on medical knowledge, high prices, time-consuming nature, and unsatisfactory outcomes, this technique has significant disadvantages. However, as deep learning algorithms progress, these activities may be completed more effectively and with fewer human resources.

METHODS: This study demonstrates the usefulness of transfer learning, a type of deep learning, in categorizing microscopic pictures of parasitized versus uninfected malaria cells. Six models were evaluated using the publicly accessible NIH dataset, proving the usefulness of the suggested technique.

RESULTS: VGG19 model fared better than its competitors, obtaining 95.05% accuracy, 92.83% precision, 96.88% sensitivity, 93.46% specificity, and 94.81% F1-score.

CONCLUSION: This categorization of malaria cell photos will benefit microscopists in particular, as it will improve their workflow and provide a viable alternative for detecting malaria using microscopic cell images.

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Published

15-03-2024

How to Cite

1.
Naga Ramesh JV, Agarwal R, Jyasta H, Sivani B, Sri Tulasi Mounika PA, Bhargavi B. Automated Life Stage Classification of Malaria Using Deep Learning. EAI Endorsed Trans Perv Health Tech [Internet]. 2024 Mar. 15 [cited 2024 Apr. 25];10. Available from: https://publications.eai.eu/index.php/phat/article/view/5439