Enhancing Health Product Traceability on the Blockchain: A Novel Approach for Supply Chain Management inspection to AI





AI, Blockchain, Smart Contracts, Traceability


INTRODUCTION: Blockchain technology is being investigated as a viable solution due to the industry's growing requirement for accountability and traceability. This study describes a fresh method for tracking down medical products that makes use of a decentralised smart contract network set up on the Ethereum blockchain. In order to enable secure and auditable tracking of health products throughout their lifecycle, the suggested system, named "HealthProductTraceability," makes use of the transparency and immutability of blockchain.

OBJECTIVES: The system uses a "Product" struct to hold pertinent data such the product name, batch number, temperature, producer, and distributors. To quickly get product information depending on the batch number, a mapping is used. The use of tools to manufacture items, send them to distributors, and market them is one significant contribution of this research.By demanding validation tests, such as verifying that batch numbers are unique and exist before carrying out certain activities, these functions protect the integrity of the traceability system.

METHODS: In order to enable interested parties to track the product's travel and temperature changes, the system additionally emits events for product manufacture, distribution, and temperature adjustments. The suggested system is innovative because it can track the temperature of health items from beginning to end on a decentralised, open platform.

RESULTS: By utilising blockchain technology, the system lessens reliance on centralised authorities, fosters stakeholder trust, and minimises the likelihood of fraud, forgery, and tampering in the supply chain for health products. The contract's architecture recognises some of the issues with blockchain technology, including scalability and privacy. By investigating solutions like sidechains, off-chain transactions, and enhancements to consensus methods, scalability issues are solved.

CONCLUSION: In summary, the suggested HealthProductTraceability system offers a creative and practical solution to the traceability issues facing the health product sector. The solution provides improved transparency, security, and accountability by utilising blockchain technology, paving the path for a more dependable and trustworthy health product supply chain. To increase the system's usefulness and adoption in real-world circumstances, further research can investigate scalability and privacy issues.


Download data is not yet available.


Uddin M, Salah K, Jayaraman R, Pesic S, Ellahham S. Blockchain for drug traceability: Architectures and open challenges. Health Informatics Journal. 2021;27(2). doi:10.1177/14604582211011228 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/14604582211011228

Ilhaam A. Omar, Mazin Debe, Raja Jayaraman, Khaled Salah, Mohammad Omar, Junaid Arshad,Blockchain-based Supply Chain Traceability for COVID-19 personal protective equipment,Computers & Industrial Engineering,Volume 167,2022,107995,ISSN 0360-8352. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cie.2022.107995

K. M. Botcha, V. V. Chakravarthy and Anurag, "Enhancing Traceability in Pharmaceutical Supply Chain using Internet of Things (IoT) and Blockchain," 2019 IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Systems and Green Technology (ICISGT), Visakhapatnam, India, 2019, pp. 45-453, doi: 10.1109/ICISGT44072.2019.00025. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICISGT44072.2019.00025

Xiaoguang Liu, Ziqing Wang, ChunhuaJin, Fagen Li, And Gaoping Li,“A Blockchain-based Medical Data Sharing and Protection Scheme”,IEEE Access ( Volume: 7 ), 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2937685

Jiafu Wan, Jiapeng Li, Muhammad Imran, Di Li, Fazal-e-Amin, “A Blockchain-Based Solution for Enhancing Security and Privacy in SmartFactory”,IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics Volume: 15 , June2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TII.2019.2894573

X. Qi, B. S. Emmanuel, O. Kwame, G. Jianbin, D. Xiaojiang And G.Mohsen, ”MeDShare: Trust-Less Medical Data Sharing Among CloudService Providers via Blockchain,” IEEE Access, 2017.

Abdel-Bassett M, Manogaranb G, Mohamed M (2018) Internet of things (IoT) and its impact on supply chain: a framework for building smart, secure and efficient systems. Future Gener Comput Syst. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.future.2018.04.051

Alizadeh M, Makui A, Mahdi Paydar M (2019) Forward and reverse supply chain network design for consumer medical supplies considering biological risk. Comput Ind Eng 140:106229. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cie.2019.106229

Boceky T, Rodrigues BB, Strasser T, Stiller B (2017) Blockchains everywhere - A use-case of blockchains in the pharma supply-chain. 2017 IFIP/IEEE International Symposium on Integrated Network Management (IM2017) DOI: https://doi.org/10.23919/INM.2017.7987376

Ding B (2018) Pharma Industry 4.0: literature review and research opportunities in sustainable pharmaceutical supply chains. Process Saf Environ Prot. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psep.2018.06.031

Goodarzian F, Taleizadeh AA, Ghasemi P, Abraham A (2021) An integrated sustainable medical supply chain network during COVID-19. Eng Appl Artif Intell 100:104188 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engappai.2021.104188

Humayun M, Jhanjhi N, Hamid B, Ahmed G (2020) Emerging smart logistics and transportation using IoT and blockchain. IEEE Internet Things Mag 3(2):58–62. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/IOTM.0001.1900097

Raj R, Rai N, Agarwal S (2019) Anticounterfeiting in pharmaceutical supply chain by establishing proof of ownership. 2019 IEEE Region 10 Conference (TENCON 2019) DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TENCON.2019.8929271

Panda, S.K., Satapathy, S.C. Drug traceability and transparency in medical supply chain using blockchain for easing the process and creating trust between stakeholders and consumers. Pers Ubiquit Comput (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00779-021-01588-3 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00779-021-01588-3

Panda S.K., Satapathy S.C. (2021) An Investigation into Smart Contract Deployment on Ethereum Platform Using Web3.js and Solidity Using Blockchain. In: Bhateja V., Satapathy S.C., Travieso-González C.M., Aradhya V.N.M. (eds) Data Engineering and Intelligent Computing. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol 1. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-0171-2_52 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-0171-2_52




How to Cite

Prashanth MS, V UM, Aluvalu R, Prasad Kantipudi MVV. Enhancing Health Product Traceability on the Blockchain: A Novel Approach for Supply Chain Management inspection to AI. EAI Endorsed Trans Perv Health Tech [Internet]. 2024 Mar. 25 [cited 2024 Apr. 21];10. Available from: https://publications.eai.eu/index.php/phat/article/view/5544