Influenza Diagnosis Deep Learning: Machine Learning Approach for Pharyngeal Image Infection

Authors

  • Chetan Chaudhari Raisoni Group of Institutions image/svg+xml
  • Sapana Fegade SSBT College of Engineering and Technology
  • Sasanko Sekhar Gantayat Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation image/svg+xml
  • Kumari Jugnu National Institute of Technology
  • Vikash Sawan Monad University image/svg+xml

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4108/eetpht.10.5613

Keywords:

Influenza, Deep Learning Model, Pharyngeal Image, AI Model, Heat Maps

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Annual influenza epidemics and rare pandemics represent a significant global health risk. Since the upper respiratory tract is the primary target of influenza, a diagnosis of influenza illness might be made using deep learning applied to pictures of the pharynx. Using pharyngeal imaging data and clinical information, the researcher created a deep-learning model for influenza diagnosis. People who sought medical attention for flu-like symptoms were the subjects included.

METHODOLOGY: The study created a diagnostic and predicting Artificial Intelligence (AI) method using deep learning techniques to forecast clinical data and pharyngeal pictures for PCR confirmation of influenza. The accuracy of the AI method as a diagnostic tool was measured during the validation process. The extra research evaluated the AI model's diagnosis accuracy to that of three human doctors and explained the methodology using high-impact heat maps. In the training stage, a cohort of 8,000 patients was recruited from 70 hospitals. Subsequently, a subset of 700 patients, including 300 individuals with PCR-confirmed influenza, was selected from 15 hospitals during the validation stage.

RESULTS: The AI model exhibited an operating receiver curve with an area of 1.01, surpassing the performance of three doctors by achieving a sensitivity of 80% and a specificity of 80%. The significance of heat maps lies in their ability to provide valuable insights. In AI models, particular attention is often directed towards analyzing follicles on the posterior pharynx wall. Researchers introduced a novel artificial intelligence model that can assist medical professionals in swiftly diagnosing influenza based on pharyngeal images.

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Published

02-04-2024

How to Cite

1.
Chaudhari C, Fegade S, Gantayat SS, Jugnu K, Sawan V. Influenza Diagnosis Deep Learning: Machine Learning Approach for Pharyngeal Image Infection. EAI Endorsed Trans Perv Health Tech [Internet]. 2024 Apr. 2 [cited 2024 Apr. 25];10. Available from: https://publications.eai.eu/index.php/phat/article/view/5613