Image Quality Assessment of Multi-Satellite Pan-Sharpening Approach: A Case Study using Sentinel-2 Synthetic Panchromatic Image and Landsat-8




Pan-sharpening, Multispectral images, Panchromatic image, Landsat-8, Sentinel-2, Remote Sensing, Image Quality Assesment Metrics


INTRODUCTION: The satellite's physical and technical capabilities limit high spectral and spatial resolution image acquisition. In Remote Sensing (RS), when high spatial and spectral resolution data is essential for specific Geographic Information System (GIS) applications, Pan Sharpening (PanS) becomes imperative in obtaining such data.

OBJECTIVES: Study aims to enhance the spatial resolution of the multispectral Landsat-8 (L8) images using a synthetic panchromatic band generated by averaging four fine-resolution bands in the Sentinel-2 (S2) images.

METHODS: Evaluation of the proposed multi-satellite PanS approach, three different PanS techniques, Smoothed Filter Intensity Modulation (SFIM), Gram-Schmidt (GS), and High Pass Filter Additive (HPFA) are used for two different study areas. The techniques' effectiveness was evaluated using well-known Image Quality Assessment Metrics (IQAM) such as Root Mean Square Error (RMSE), Correlation Coefficient (CC), Erreur Relative Globale Adimensionnelle de Synthèse (ERGAS), and Relative Average Spectral Error (RASE). This study leveraged the GEE platform for datasets and implementation.

RESULTS: The promising values were provided by the GS technique, followed by the SFIM technique, whereas the HPFA technique produced the lowest quantitative result.

CONCLUSION: In this study, the spectral bands of the MS image’s performance show apparent variation with respect to that of the different PanS techniques used.


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Pinheiro G, Rather IH, Raj A, Minz S, Kumar S. Image Quality Assessment of Multi-Satellite Pan-Sharpening Approach: A Case Study using Sentinel-2 Synthetic Panchromatic Image and Landsat-8 . EAI Endorsed Scal Inf Syst [Internet]. 2024 Mar. 21 [cited 2024 Apr. 18];. Available from:



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