Real-Time 3D Routing Optimization for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle using Machine Learning

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4108/eetsis.5693

Keywords:

UAV, Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, Artificial Intelligence, AI, Sensor arrays, Heuristic A* algorithm, Simultaneous Localization and Mapping, SLAM, Software-In-The-Loop simulations, SITL

Abstract

In the realm of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) for civilian applications, the surge in demand has underscored the need for sophisticated technologies. The integration of Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) with Artificial Intelligence (AI) has become paramount to address challenges in urban environments, particularly those involving obstacle collision risks. These UAVs are equipped with advanced sensor arrays, incorporating LiDAR and computer vision technologies. The AI algorithm undergoes comprehensive training on an embedded machine, fostering the development of a robust spatial perception model. This model enables the UAV to interpret and navigate through the intricate urban landscape with a human-like understanding of its surroundings. During mission execution, the AI-driven perception system detects and localizes objects, ensuring real-time awareness. This study proposes an innovative real-time three-dimensional (3D) path planner designed to optimize UAV trajectories through obstacle-laden environments. The path planner leverages a heuristic A* algorithm, a widely recognized search algorithm in artificial intelligence. A distinguishing feature of this proposed path planner is its ability to operate without the need to store frontier nodes in memory, diverging from conventional A* implementations. Instead, it relies on relative object positions obtained from the perception system, employing advanced techniques in simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM). This approach ensures the generation of collision-free paths, enhancing the UAV's navigational efficiency. Moreover, the proposed path planner undergoes rigorous validation through Software-In-The-Loop (SITL) simulations in constrained environments, leveraging high-fidelity UAV dynamics models. Preliminary real flight tests are conducted to assess the real-world applicability of the system, considering factors such as wind disturbances and dynamic obstacles. The results showcase the path planner's effectiveness in providing swift and accurate guidance, thereby establishing its viability for real-time UAV missions in complex urban scenarios.

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Published

09-04-2024

How to Cite

1.
Mishra P, Boopal B, Mishra N. Real-Time 3D Routing Optimization for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle using Machine Learning. EAI Endorsed Scal Inf Syst [Internet]. 2024 Apr. 9 [cited 2024 May 20];. Available from: https://publications.eai.eu/index.php/sis/article/view/5693

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Research articles