Real-time investigation of dust collection effects on solar PV panel efficiency




Dust impact, Solar Photovoltaic, System Performance, IoT web server


The amount of the light distraction on the PV is made by the accumulation of particles of dust which in turn decreases efficient performance as well as leads to a reduction of money flow for the investors. More studies and tests were carried out inside the laboratories that cannot find a proper solution to mitigate the same. This study can enable the proper cleaning schedules of the PV panels as this work is being carried out on a real-time basis on the rooftops. The measurement of required parameters like irradiation, output power from the panels, and the amount of dust particles accumulated was done on an hourly, monthly, and yearly basis. It is found that nearly 8% of the performance could be dropped annually. For making a sustained operation of the PV panels it is required to have a cleaning process for 45 days intervals, especially for small-scale systems.


Download data is not yet available.


Sayigh A. Worldwide progress in renewable energy. Renew. Energy. 2009; 1:1-59. DOI:

Ilse KK, Figgis BW, Naumann V. Fundamentals of soiling processes on photovoltaic modules. Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev. 2018; 98:239–254. DOI:

Zarei T, Abdolzadeh M, Soltani M. Computational investigation of dust settlement effect on power generation of three solar tracking photovoltaic modules using a modified angular losses coefficient. Sol. Energy. 2021; 222:269–289. DOI:

Javed W, Guo B, Figgis B. Modelling of photovoltaic soiling loss as a function of environmental variables. Sol. Energy. 2017; 157:397–407. DOI:

Hottel HC, Woertz BB. Performance of Flat-Plate Solar-Heat Collectors. Renew. Energy. 2018; 4:325-355. DOI:

Said S. Effect of Dust Accumulation on Performances of Thermal and PV Flat Plate Collectors. Appl. Energy. 1990; 37(1):73–84. DOI:

Green P. Solar Panel Performance the Good, the Bad, and the Ugly. In: Intelec 2012; 30 September 2012 - 04 October 2012; Scottsdale, AZ, USA. IEEE; 2012. p. 1-9. DOI:

Hassan A, Rahoma U, Elminir H, Fathy A. Effect of airborne dust concentration on the performance of PV modules. Astron. J. 2005; 13:24–38.

Mastekbayeva G, Kumar S. Effect of Dust on the Transmittance of Low-Density Polyethylene Glazing in a Tropical Climate. Sol. Energy. 2000; 68(2):135–41. DOI:

Mani M, Pillai R. Impact of Dust on Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Performance Research Status, Challenges and Recommendations. Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev. 2010; 14(9):3124– 3131. DOI:

Sulaiman SA, Hussain HH, Leh NSHN, Razali MSI. Effects of Dust on the Performance of PV Panels. World acad. eng. technol. 2011; 58:588-593.

Sulaiman SA, Singh AK, Mokhtar MMM, Bou-Rabee MA. Influence of Dirt Accumulation on Performance of PV Panels. Energy Procedia. 2014; 50:50–56. DOI:

Vedulla G, Geetha A, Senthil R. Review of Strategies to Mitigate Dust Deposition on Solar Photovoltaic Systems. Energies. 2023; 16(1):109-137. DOI:

Vedulla G, Geetha, A. Dust Accumulation on Solar Photovoltaic Panels an Investigation Study on Power Loss and Efficiency Reduction. Therm. Sci. 2023; 27(4):2967-2976. DOI:

Kalogirou SA, Agathokleous R, Panayiotou G. On-site PV characterization and the effect of soiling on their performance. Energy. 2023; 51:439–446. DOI:

Qasem H, Betts TR, Mullejans H, AlBusairi, H, Gottschalg, R. Effect of dust shading on photovoltaic modules. In: Proceedings of 2011 37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference; 19-24 June 2011; Seattle, WA, USA. IEEE; 2012. p. 3199-3204.

El-Shobokshy M, Hussein F. Degradation of photovoltaic cell performance due to dust deposition on its surface. Renew. Energy. 1993; 3(6):585–590. DOI:

Sarver T, Al-Qaraghuli A, Kazmerski LA. Comprehensive review of the impact of dust on the use of solar energy: history, investigations, results, literature and mitigation approaches. Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev. 2023; 22:698–733. DOI:

Rao A, Pillai R, Mani M, Ramamurthy P. Influence of dust deposition on photovoltaic panel performance. Energy Procedia. 2014; 54:690–700. DOI:

Jiang H, Liu L, Sun K. Experimental investigation of the impact of airborne dust deposition on the performance of solar photovoltaic (PV) modules. Atmos. Environ. 2011; 45(25):4299–4304. DOI:

Mekhilef S, Rahman S, Kamalisarvestani M. Effect of dust, humidity, and air velocity on efficiency of photovoltaic cells. Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev. 2012; 16(5): 2920–2925. DOI:

Kimber A, Mitchell L, Nogradi S, Wenger H. The effect of soiling on large grid-connected photovoltaic systems in California and the Southwest Region of the United States. In: 2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conference; 07-12 May 2006; Waikoloa, HI, USA. IEEE; 2007. p.2391-2395. DOI:

Mejia, FA, Kleissl, J.: Soiling losses for solar photovoltaic systems in California. Sol. Energy. 2013; 95:357–363. DOI:




How to Cite

Vedulla G, Geetha A. Real-time investigation of dust collection effects on solar PV panel efficiency. EAI Endorsed Trans Energy Web [Internet]. 2024 Feb. 23 [cited 2024 Apr. 21];11. Available from: