Use of real-time graphics in health education: A systematic review


  • Javier Gonzalez-Argote Universidad Abierta Interamericana image/svg+xml
  • Carlos Oscar Lepez Universidad de Ciencias Empresariales y Sociales image/svg+xml
  • William Castillo-Gonzalez University of Buenos Aires image/svg+xml
  • Mabel Cecilia Bonardi Fundación Salud, Ciencia y Tecnologia image/svg+xml
  • Carlos Alberto Gómez Cano Corporación Unificada Nacional de Educación Superior image/svg+xml
  • Adrián Alejandro Vitón-Castillo Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río image/svg+xml



real-time graphics, virtual reality, augmented reality, higher education in health, nursing, health informatics


Introduction: Using real-time graphics in health education is particularly relevant in technical skill development and knowledge acquisition in surgery, emergency medicine, and nursing.

Objective: To systematize the literature on using real-time graphics in health education.

Methods: A systematic review was conducted in the databases: PubMed, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, and ERIC.

Results: The impact of real-time graphics use, including virtual reality (VR), in health education was examined, covering disciplines such as medicine, nursing, and other related professions. The findings of the selected studies for this review and existing literature suggest that implementing real-time graphics technologies in health education can significantly improve learning and the acquisition of clinical skills compared to traditional approaches.

Conclusions: Virtual reality was found to be particularly effective in training technical skills and surgical procedures and improving the quality of teaching in various disciplines. These findings support experiential learning theory and the idea that repeated practice and immediate feedback in a safe and controlled environment are essential for skill acquisition.


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How to Cite

Gonzalez-Argote J, Lepez CO, Castillo-Gonzalez W, Bonardi MC, Cano CAG, Vitón-Castillo AA. Use of real-time graphics in health education: A systematic review. EAI Endorsed Trans Perv Health Tech [Internet]. 2023 Apr. 4 [cited 2023 May 28];9:e2. Available from: